What does a Gas Station mean?

Gas Station

Whether it is called a filling station (also known as a gas station (US) or a petrol station (UK), a filling station sells fuel and lubricants for motor vehicles, such as motor oil, during the 2010s, gasoline (or petrol) in terms of fuel sales, gas, and diesel dominate in the market. A gasoline pump pumps gasoline, diesel, compressed natural gas, CNG2, HCNG, LPG, liquid hydrogen, kerosene fuels (chemical fuels (methanol, ethanol, butanol, propanol), biofuels (vegetable oil, biodiesel), or other fuels into the vehicle’s tanks. Besides gasoline pumps, air compressors are some (compressed-air) vehicles that can be refuelled with them at filling stations, although generally only used to inflate car tires.

In many filling stations and convenience stores, the stores may also sell newspapers and magazines, confections, alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, soft drinks, snacks, coffee, newspapers, and magazines milk. Most of these businesses sell propane or butane in addition to their primary business, which is selling propane or butane. On the other hand, some chain stores, such as supermarkets, discount stores, warehouse clubs, and traditional convenience stores, have installed fuel pumps right on the premises of their stores.

This is the Terminology:

The fuel in North America is called “gas” or “gasoline,” and “gas stations” and “service stations” in Canada, the United States, and the Caribbean use them. The term “gas bar” (or “gas bar”) is used in some regions of Canada. The fuel is known as “petrol” in the rest of the English-speaking world, and the fuel station or pump is called a “petrol station.” “Garage” and “forecourt” are still commonly used by the UK, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa. Australians also call it a servo.

Numbers around the world

  • There are 8,385 filling stations in the UK as of 2019, down from about 18,000 in 1992 to nearly 40,000 in the late 1960s, when there were roughly 40,000.
  • The US Census Bureau reports that the US had 114,474 stations in 2012, the lowest number since 2007 when there were 118,756 and 121,446, respectively.
  • The number is declining in Canada. 12,684 stations were in operation at the end of 2008, significantly lower than about 20,000 stations recorded in 1989.
  • It is estimated that the number of dead in Japan has fallen from 60,421 in 1994 to 40,357 at the end of 2009.
  • Fourteen thousand three hundred people were arrested in Germany in 2011 compared to 14,600 in 2010.
  • In China, different reports have estimated that approximately 106,000 gas and oil stations were in operation at the end of 2018.
  • There are 60,799 Indians (as of November 2017)
  • The number of stations in the Russian Federation was approximately 25,000 in 2011
  • A total of over 5000 stations are operating in Argentina as of 2021.

The History:

In 1888, Bertha Benz refilled the first automobile tank at the city pharmacy in Wiesloch, Germany, on its first trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim. A short period he followed when other pharmacies also sold gasoline as a side business. To commemorate this event, the Bertha Benz Memorial Route has been in operation since 2008.

The Brazilians:

Santos, So Paulo, Brazil, was the first South American city with a gas station in 1920. It was located in a corner now occupied by the Hotel Atlântico across Ana Costa Avenue from the beach and used to be found on Ana Costa Avenue. A taxi entrepreneur named Antonio Duarte Moreira brought the company, owned by Esso.

The Russian Federation:

In 1911, the Imperial Automobile Society and the partnership “Br. Nobel” signed an agreement” that the first filling stations appear in Russia. The country’s major cities had approximately 440 stations by 1914.

There were about 250 stations in Moscow in the mid-1960s. The only way to purchase gasoline was with a ration card for vehicles other than non-private ones. During the perestroika of the early 1990s, this type of payment system ceased to exist.

Considering that the saturation of automobile filling stations in Russia needs to be improved and lags behind the leading countries, there is a need to build new stations in cities and along highways.

American:

With Henry Ford’s introduction of affordable automobiles, the middle class became more likely to purchase cars, and filling stations became more popular. In 1905, St. Louis, Missouri, constructed 420 South Theresa Avenue, the world’s first purpose-built gas station. The second station was built by Standard Oil of California (now Chevron) in 1907 at Pier 32 in Seattle, Washington. The Reighard’s Gas Station in Altoona, Pennsylvania, claims it is the oldest filling station in the United States and dates back to 1909.

A drive-in filling station opened for the motoring public in Pittsburgh on December 1, 1913. It was at the corner of Baum Boulevard and St Clair’s Street. Before this, many automobile drivers would pull into almost any general store, hardware store, or even a blacksmith shop to fill their gas tanks. This station sold its first batch of gasoline on its first day of operation for 27 cents per gallon (7 cents per litre) for 30 US gallons (110 L).

Function and Design:

Most of the time, underground fuel tanks consist of one or more fuel tanks. Through separate capped openings along the station’s perimeter, fuel is gravity-fed from a tanker truck into each tank. Through underground pipes, energy travels from the tanks to the dispenser pumps. At all times, direct access must be available to every fuel tank. Generally, it is possible to access tanks directly from the forecourt through a service canal. Read More

Filling stations have forecourts where vehicles are refuelled. To prevent collisions with motor vehicles, gasoline pumps are placed on concrete plinths. Additional elements, such as metal barriers, may be used. There must be a drainage system around the gasoline pumps. The pavement is kept clean since fuel sometimes spills onto it.

Cash register systems usually allow clerks to turn on and off the gasoline pumps, with limited control over the pumps. The status of the fuel tank and the quantity of fuel are monitored separately. There is a terminal in the back room for downloading and printing the data from the fuel tank sensors.

Filling stations underground:

The same system was used in Florida, US, in the 1980s. Aboveground modular stations were built in Eastern Europe, especially in the Soviet Union, but were not made in other parts of Europe due to their fire safety shortcomings. A modular underground filling station construction model reduces the time it takes to install, makes designing easier, and reduces the cost of manufacturing. An unofficial world record was produced. It took U-Cont Oy Ltd less than three days to build a modular filling station in Helsinki, Finland, including groundwork, to demonstrate the model’s installation speed. Kuopio, Finland, has tested the safety of modular filling stations with a filling station simulator.

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